Number 10: Slow down
Those warnings about decreasing your speed when roads are wet, snow packed or icy shouldn’t be dismissed as the suggestions of finger-wagging octogenarians who have seemingly forgotten what the gas pedal does. There’s this little thing called physics that tells us that the faster you go, the farther you’re apt to slide if you hit a slick spot. Really. Ask Google. We are not making this up.
Number 9: Speaking of physics, SUVs aren’t immune to it
Suburbans and Escalades can drive over a lot of things, but not the laws of science. In fact, if you start to slide in a giant sports-utility vehicle, the extra size and weight are apt to get you in trouble faster than if you were piloting a Mini Cooper. And that’s not to mention the issues some SUVs have with rolling over and/or flipping. While you may feel like you own the road one minute, you may be on your top a minute or two later.
Number 8: Slamming on your brakes can be totally pointless
Trying to mash your brake pedal through the floorboards only works if you’re in a 1960’s cartoon, especially on snowy pavement where you’ve got little to no traction. If you’ve got anti-lock brakes, steady pressure works. If you have standard brakes, pump them. And do it gently rather than pretending you’re a two year old throwing a temper tantrum… because your car may end up too crinkled up to drive.
Number 7: Black ice is actually a thing
So you look at the roads ahead and don’t see any snow on them even though there’s been precipitation recently and it’s freezing outside. Time to burn rubber!? Wrong. There’s a good chance the surface is covered with a thin sheet of ice capable of turning your car into the equivalent of a hockey puck. Not a good idea.
Number 6: Signs that say “Watch for ICE on Bridge”
It’s not a myth: Bridges and overpasses are frequently icier than the roadway on either side of them. For that reason, executing a lane change or traffic maneuver on a bridge that might work fine on the rest of the interstate could end with you getting a face-full of air bag.
Number 5: Get low
When it’s snowing like crazy and your visibility isn’t good at all, you’re going to be tempted to switch on your brights… and after you do, you’ll be blinded by the light reflecting off the snow and bouncing right back at you. Use the low beams or fog lamps, and feel free to leave them on until you get to your destination…which you’ll have a lot better chance of reaching if you haven’t blinded yourself by flipping on your high beams.
Number 4: Sudden turns can turn into sudden wipe-outs
In best-case scenarios, you actually know where you’re going… meaning you know when you need to turn and can start doing it early, rather than at the last minute. So when the weather’s dicey, round your corners… unless you’d rather run into them.
Number 3: Be ready for a skid
There continues to be debate about whether steering into a skid is the right thing to do or the key ingredient to an unintended 360. But we defer to the MasterDrive instructor. His advice is simple and easy to remember: “Look where you want to go and steer in that direction.”
Number 2: It’s actually important to be able to see where you’re going
On days when it’s snowing sideways, visibility is often more figurative than literal… and when that’s the case, you can’t continue to drive as you would on a sunny day, when your knowledge of your usual route makes the process almost automatic. Don’t take anything for granted, or you’ll be sorry…as will everyone else around you.
Number 1: Be patient
When the road conditions are lousy, it’s going to take you longer to get where you want to go. So, give yourself a little more time. Or don’t, and be cool about getting there a few minutes after you’d planned. A snowstorm is a great excuse for showing up late, and Coloradans are generally very understanding when it happens. You’ll realize that after you’ve been here for a awhile, if you haven’t already.
If you ask your dad how often you should change your oil, he’ll likely tell you to change it every 3,000 miles. It’s not that he’s wrong, but the answer isn’t as simple as 3,000 miles or every 3 months. It’s a bit more complicated and has a lot to do with the type of oil your vehicle requires, your personal driving habits, and numerous other factors to consider. Keep in mind, oil and engine efficiency has come a long way and most modern engines require your oil to be changed anywhere between 5,000 miles up to 10,000 miles or between 6 months up to 12 months. While having your vehicle looked at every 3,000 miles is beneficial, it is absolutely not necessary to change the oil that frequently. Although, keep in mind there are other services required in that time frame.
Today, most mechanics are unfairly judged as dishonest thieves. Not that there aren’t dishonest mechanics out there, but let’s put this in perspective; If you were to go to the dentist and the dentist recommended you get your teeth cleaned twice a year, you know that likely you aren’t going to lose your teeth if you don’t follow their recommendations, right? Are they lying to you or just trying to take your money? I wouldn’t think so, I think they are trying to prevent disease and other problems associated with the lack of dental care. Same goes for the “traditional” 3,000 mile recommendation. It doesn’t hurt, except for maybe a little bit out of your wallet. It is likely unnecessary to keep your car on the road. Most repair shops like to see your car at least 3 times a year to keep an eye on what’s failing or needs serviced with your car. Which is partially why mechanics use the 3,000 mile oil change rule.
If you take your car to a repair facility to just get a “once over”, it could cost anywhere between $20 to $100. Or you can take your vehicle in for a $30 oil change and get the same inspection along with the peace of mind that your oil is changed and your engine is healthy. I’m not saying you should actually go in every 3,000 miles or 3 months. I’m merely saying that taking it in every 4-5 months is ideal and will get you the most out of your car. Most manufacturers have 5,000 mile intervals between different types of services in the maintenance schedule anyway. Some go as little as every 2,500 miles before there is a specific service or component inspection that needs to be addressed. So, you should be seeing your mechanic for those other services 2-3 times a year, not just for oil changes.
I want to challenge you to open the owner’s manual, look through the maintenance section and note how often you should really be changing your oil. While you’re there, take a mental note of all the other services you have neglected on your vehicle so far. It seems as if we were able to get it through that your oil needs to be changed, but what about other services? Such as, cooling system flushes, power steering flushes, transmission fluid changes, etc.. If your oil is the lifeline of your engine, what are these often overlooked maintenance items to those components? I would suggest passing on oil changes every 3,000 miles and using the saved money to put towards other necessary services.
There are a few stipulations if you decide following dad’s golden rule is too excessive. First and foremost, check your oil level often. Most manufacturers accept minimal oil consumption as a normal condition and place the responsibility on owners to make sure it is full periodically. Another thing to note is the length of time your vehicle is running at a time. If you are making short trips, your vehicle hasn’t had time to maintain a steady operating temperature. Most vehicles run somewhere around 210 degrees. Although heat does have a drastic effect on the reliability of a vehicle, it also helps clean the impurities and burn off moisture. So, if you aren’t maintaining operating temperatures for an extended period of time, your engine oil will need to be changed more frequently.
So, let’s get to the point here. The intention of this post is to inform you of how often a car owner needs to change their oil and, the easy answer is to refer to your owner’s manual or ask an auto repair facility that you trust. Most cars have service reminders now as well. Using those reminders are fine, as long as you’re sure the technician is resetting it at every oil change. You can also find a lot of handy tools online to help you make your decision. There isn’t an exact science to it, but make sure you don’t surpass your recommended schedule. Yes, auto repair shops use your oil change intervals to sell you on other services. Some are needed immediately and some can be put off while you prepare your budget. My recommendation is to find a shop you trust and they should be able to educate you about all the services your car requires and help you come up with a good schedule to maintain and repair your vehicle.
Cooling System Flush
- Removes scale and rust buildup that damages metal and restricts coolant flow.
- New coolant is set to proper freeze point protection
- Provides additional lubricant to the moving parts of cooling system
- Reduces damage to individual parts
- Keeps the engine from freezing or from overheating
- Allows for better protection of moving parts
- Vehicle is in the repair shop less often for part failures
- Avoiding engine block freeze-ups and engine overheating will save hundreds or thousands of dollars
- Save money on repair bills
- Removes contaminants and old filter from the system
- Replaces the lubricants lost during normal operation; provides better protection of the internal moving parts
- New fluid is better able to dissipate heat and keep the system at the optimum temperature
- Protects the internal components from damage and debris
- Helps reduce the chances of transmission failure
- Allows the transmission to perform better and shift smoother
- Saves money by not having to replace or overhaul the transmission
- Better protection for the transmission’s internal components
- Creates a more comfortable drive
Power Steering Flush
- Removes contaminants from the power steering system
- Replaces the lubricant lost during normal operation that protect internal components from excessive wear
- Removes broken down aluminum particles from the system that accelerate fluid deterioration
- Reduces the chances of further damaging the pump or steering gear
- Prevents premature failure of the pump and/or steering gear that happens from lack of lubrication
- Extends the life of the fluid in the system
- Reduces the time spent in the repair shop to have power steering system replaced
- Saves money by not having to replace the power steering system
- Helps save money due to fluid not needing to be replaced as often
Brake Fluid Flush
- Removes contaminants from the system
- New brake fluid will be less likely to damage rubber components and seals
- Makes it easier to accurately measure the true fluid level
- Decreases likelihood of hydraulic component failure
- Helps prevent brake failure by keeping the brake fluid from leaking out
- Reduces the chances of water contamination in the system
- Helps keep the vehicle on the road and not in the repair shop
- Saves hundreds of dollars by avoiding brake failure, which could also lead to a serious accident
Fuel System Treatment
- The treatment cleans the fuel, air intake system, and crankcase at the same time
- Cleans carbon deposits out of the passageways that otherwise would be sent into the environment
- Cleans the inside of the engine’s combustion chamber
- You receive multiple cleanings for the price of one
- Minimizes harmful emissions being sent into the environment
- Maximizes gas mileage and performance
- Extends component life
- A cleaner burning engine will cause less pollution leading to a better environment
- Less fuel lost before burning will save you money in gasoline